Globally, the growth in energy consumption derives the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, highlighting the necessity of energy transition to combat climate change. Additionally, disruptions happened in the supply chain and access to primary energy sources due to the ongoing energy crisis, which causes an unprecedented increase in energy prices and energy supply security problems in 2022. All these developments have led to renewed emphasis on all aspects of the energy transition, particularly renewable energy sources and energy efficiency.
In line with these important developments in the global energy sector and increasing awareness of environmental and health issues, Türkiye ratified the Paris Agreement in October 2021 and subsequently announced its commitment to achieve a net-zero economy by 2053. In regard to its commitment to achieve net-zero GHG emissions, Türkiye has made important progress in setting up new institutional frameworks to combat climate change, which needs to be followed by economy-wide transformation across all sectors and policy areas.
It is from this perspective that SHURA Energy Transition Center presents the “Net-Zero 2053: A Roadmap for the Turkish Electricity Sector” study that focuses on the role of the electricity sector in the transition to a totally decarbonized Turkish energy system. This study assesses the evolution of energy demand across all sectors while considering energy efficiency improvements, additional demand from end-use electrification, and green hydrogen required to achieve net-zero carbon emissions. The study focuses on the role of the electricity sector in a fully decarbonized energy system by 2053. Within this context, the technical and economic feasibility of Türkiye’s energy transition is also evaluated. While assessing the possible pathways to reach a net-zero carbon economy and a decarbonized Turkish electricity sector by 2053, the report discusses development of the main pillars of energy transition; i.e. renewable energy, energy efficiency and electrification.